Overview of Xi'an
Xidian University is located in the world-famous ancient city of Xi’an with a long history and strong cultural presence. Xi’an, originally known as Chang'an, where the most dynasties established their capitals here, is the birthplace of Chinese civilization. It is also the starting point of the famous Silk Road, and a place with talented people and well-developed traffic, composing a glorious chapter in Chinese history. The Silk Road dates back to the second century B.C when ZhangQian, from Chang’an to Roma and the Silk Road is a trade thoroughfare that links Asia and Europe in the past dynasties.Mausoleum of Emperor Qin and Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Emperor Qin are also considered as wonders of the world history. In addition, it is also the most important base for scientific research, higher education, technology and industry of national defense, high-tech industry electronic information industry as well as the core base for aerospace industry. It is an energetic and creative inland “New Special Zone", a megalopolis with the best scientific and technological strength and the most comprehensive industry categories, a financial and traffic center in the Midwest and northern inland regions, experimental special zones for overall planning on scientific and technological resources as well as the core of Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone.
Known as “The Eighth Wonder of the World”, the Terra-Cotta Warriors is the buried army replica of Emperor Qin Shihuang, the First Emperor of China, guarding the tomb of the Emperor in his after life and accompanying him in his immortality. This large-scale underground military museum is recognized as one of the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century. Facing the East, this museum is covering an area of 16,300 m2 with 3 pits filled with more than 8,000 terracotta warriors and horses and more than 40,000 bronze weapons. Now part of any tour packages or visits to Xi'an and China, the Terracotta Army site is the place where meeting with China ancient Imperial Power and great culture that flourished since the beginning of the Qin Dynasty. It was listed by UNESCO in 1987 as one of the world cultural heritages,
The Bell Tower of Xi’an, built in 1384 during the early Ming Dynasty, is a symbol of Xi'an and one of the grandest of its kind in China. The tower house a huge bell which in ancient times was use to strike the time every morning, this is how the tower got its name. It stands in the center of the downtown area where the North Street, the South Street, the East Street and the West Street meet. The tower base is square and it covers an area of 1,377 square meters. The tower is a brick and timber structure and close to 40 meters high. Now, it is one of the most important places of interest in Xi'an, and it attracts thousands of tourists all over China and the world.
The existing city wall of Xi’an is an extension of the prior Tang dynasty structure, it represent one of the oldest and best preserved Chinese city walls. It was started by the Ming Dynasty in 1370 and finished in 1378. With a rectangular–shaped construction, the city wall measures 13.7 kilometers (8.5 mi) in circumference, 12 meters (39 ft.) in height, and 15–18 meters (49–59 ft.) in thickness at the base. There is a rampart every 120 meters on the top of the city wall, which extends out from the main wall. In 1961, the city wall of Xi’an was included as a key heritage site under national protection by the State Council of China. On 28 March 2008, China proposed the city wall of Xi’an be included on UNESCO's World Heritage List, where it is categorized as a tentative listing.